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Time Allocation
Students study Geography for two one-hour periods per week in Year 7 and one one-hour period per week in Year 8.

Geography lessons take place in form groups in Key Stage Three.

Course Content
Students will consolidate and extend their knowledge of the world’s major countries and their physical and human features. They will understand how geographical processes interact to create distinctive human and physical landscapes that change over time. In doing so, they will become aware of increasingly complex geographical systems in the world around them and develop their geographical skills through analysing and interpreting different data sources. In this way, students will continue to enrich their locational knowledge and spatial and environmental understanding. Our KS3 course of study provides opportunities for students to become critical, questioning and investigative geographers as well as having the chance to advocate for changes they wish to see in the world. 


Year 7 

Year 8 


Key Concepts in Geography: What is geography? What places we are connected to? What are some of the key concepts we need to understand in Geography?  

Map skills: finding where places are (using an atlas and using lines of longitude and latitude); 4 & 6 figure grid references, measuring distance and using scale; map symbols; understanding thematic maps of the UK.  

Africa: Physical and human characteristics of the continent of Africa, focus on the countries in the Horn of Africa investigating nomads, salt mining and farming.  Comparing development indicators of the countries in the Horn with the UK  

Rocks and Weathering: Understanding the different types of rocks and how they are formed; the rock cycle; how rocks are weathered; how rock type influences the landscape.  

Development and Human Rights: Development indicators, factors that influence development and the development gap, and how to reduce the development gap through Fair Trade, manufacturing, aid and global change.  

Singapore: A further in-depth case study of an area of Asia, looking at how its physical geography is linked to the human geography of this fascinating place, its colonial heritage, its role in a global world and finally how sustainable it is.  

The Middle East: Exploration of the geography of the region and factors contributing to the current Geopolitics of the region.  



Glaciation: Understanding of geological time scales,  glaciation processes, features of erosion and deposition and how glaciations affects us today   

Tectonics: The structure of the planet and how the plates move; how earthquakes, volcanoes and tsunamis are created and their effects on people.   

Biosphere, Ecosystems and the Anthropocene: Here we explore the principles of how the biological elements of the planet interact with the climate and can be categorised into different biomes. It then explores how this is put at risk by a variety of human actions which are having huge impacts on the world around us – the ‘Anthropocene’. No exploration of this would not be complete without looking at solutions.  


Population and China: are we evenly spread, what affects where we live, how does population change? The physical and human characteristics of China, life in Chongqing and Tibet and the One Child Policy.  

Weather, Climate and Climate Change: Understanding the difference between weather and climate and how elements of weather are caused and measured, and the UK’s climate. This topic moves on to cover the hugely critical issues of climate change, the causes and consequences and the geographical variation is how these effects will be felt. Finally we will consider solutions to this contemporary challenge.  


Settlement and Urbanisation: Looking at the growth of cities, the problems created and the solutions, focusing on the Olympic Park in London. 

Rivers and water security: Understanding the main features of a river and drainage basin; the erosion and transportation processes; how landforms are formed; and the risk and management of flooding.   

Coasts: Types of waves, problems and benefits of tourism, coastal management.  

Globalisation: Exploring the concept of globalisation, its causes and consequences here and abroad and for the environment. Seeing how this worldwide phenomena is impacting our lives on a daily basis but that it has winners and losers.  



Progress is assessed through a variety of methods in KS3 Geography. This includes two pieces of marked work every half term in Y7 and one piece per half term in Y8. Assessments include topic tests, decision making exercises (extended writing), evaluative essays (extended writing), and presentations. 

In addition, homework will be set once a week in line with the homework timetable.  This may include undertaking research on themes currently being studied, or completing worksheets/essay style questions.